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Ladder Safety and Use Information Extension Ladder Use - OSHA Codes:
Standard 1918.24(c), 1918.24(e)(2), 1918.24(j)(2): Where portable straight ladders are used, they shall be of sufficient length to extend three feet (.91 m) above the upper landing surface and be positively secured or held against shifting or slipping. When conditions are such that a straight ladder cannot be used, Jacob’s ladders meeting the requirements of 1918.23 may be used.
Standard 1918.24(e)(2): Where portable straight ladders are used, they shall be of sufficient length to extend at least three feet (36 inches or .91 meters) above the upper landing surface.
Standard 1918.24(j)(2): Ladders shall be fitted with slip-resistant bases and/or be positively secured or held in place to prevent slipping or shifting while in use.
Types of Ladders:
Portable – Self-supporting (stepladders)
Portable - Not self-supporting (straight and extension ladders) Fixed - Individual rung Fixed - Side rail and rung
Weight Bearing Capabilities (Duty Ratings):
Commercial Type II – 225 lbs (102.1 kg
Industrial Type – 250 lbs (113.4 kg)
Heavy-Duty Industrial Type IA – 300 lbs (136.1 kg
Heavy-Duty Industrial Type IAA – 350 lbs (158.76 kg
Falls from ladders are a leading cause of workplace fatalities.
Slips and falls from ladders are caused by:
Ladder not being tied off
The ladder tipping over from overreaching or placement on an uneven surface
Use of the wrong ladder for the job
Contact with the ladder in a high traffic area
Ladder failure caused by damage or misuse
Electrocution or electrical shock
Look for damaged side rails, rungs, and supports.
Ensure nuts and bolts are tight and that feet are secure.
Test the ladder’s stability.
Make sure rungs and feet are non-slip.
Check the label to ensure it’s legible and to verify load ratings and construction materials.
When using a portable ladder, place it carefully on a level surface and make sure it has non-slip base pads.
Set up Extension Ladder at the Recommended Angel (1’ from the wall for each 4’ of ladder height):
An easy way to check your angle is to stand with your feet at the bottom rung, extend your arms straight out and parallel to the ground, ensure you can touch a ladder rung with your fingers from this position.
Secure ladder using a tie off at the top of ladder
Face ladder and hold side rails with at least one hand when climbing to always maintain at least 3 points of contact
Protect base of ladder in busy areas Keep ladder free of clutter
Make sure rungs are free of oil, grease, and slippery material
Carry tools on a belt or hoist
Use an electrically insulated, fiberglass ladder
Stay a minimum of 10 feet (3.05 meters) from energized power lines or other electrical conductors
Use Safety Rail Source Ladder Safety Products
You should never:
Use a ladder for something other than its intended purpose
Lean outside the ladder rails
Carry loads that prevent using at least one hand on the ladder